TABLE 1: Sydney TEAMS
TEAM NAME LEAD INSTITUTE SCI-TECH PROPOSITION
Source of light for quantum communication University of Technology Sydney

A key technology required for the future quantum era is a high-quality source of quantum light. Our proposed source has strong advantages in scalability and mass production. When integrated with existing quantum communication systems, we expect our source of quantum light to increase the communication bandwidth by up to an order of magnitude. This improvement could significantly improve existing secure communication systems and aid quantum-computing development.

RapidScan University of Technology Sydney

Develop a cost competitive solution to low altitude (airborne or ground based), mobile, LiDAR surveying. The project from the university side will concentrate on developing novel signal processing methods based on the phase space evolution of images using an analogy between pattern recognition in time and space.

ResusRight: a volume monitoring device to improve resuscitation amongst newborns The University of Sydney

We aim to develop a world first very low-cost device suitable particularly for the developing world that will assist birth attendants to monitor delivered ventilation and mask leak during resuscitation at birth (and other ages). This device will clip on to the SIB and mask and will show an immediate visual measurement for mask leak and lung inflation volume. This visual aid will enable the attendant to adjust bag and mask technique to provide more effective ventilation during resuscitation of asphyxiated newborns at birth and preterm infants. This device will help reduce infant death and serious long-term brain injury.

MacroKey Data 61 (CSIRO)

IOKeeper secures virtual assets by creating a secure environment for cryptographic key management. As assets are digitised at an increasing rate, there is a growing need for innovative security solutions not only to prevent individual loss, but also to provide a trust infrastructure for economy. By securing virtual assets, IOKeeper creates the conditions for trade and commerce to flourish.

GoKymando Defence Science and Technology Group

GoKymando have created a pair of underwear that are attractive, comfortable, practical and convenient with all of the benefits of modern active wear. The key feature of the patented design means they can be easily put on and removed without the need to be standing or to remove other items of clothing. This addresses issues Defence members regularly have changing underwear when on a field exercise or overseas on deployment. It is not always practical to change underwear frequently and circumstances can make changing underwear difficult. The concept is applicable across many fields, including defence, sports, disabilities, elderly and travel.

Clean EOR Solutions  The University of New South Wales

We propose a method, which allows us, by knowing the chemical composition of a reservoir rock, crude oil and formation water, to identify the functional ions for EOR and design a sea-water based composition of injectant to improve the oil recovery. This is achieved by a series of methods on various scales starting with Atomic Force Microscopy and to the Coreflooding experiments paired with X-ray microtomography. Our research shows that the recovery results achieved can be of similar or even higher efficiency than "low-salinity" applications.

Mana Liao

The Garvan Institute of Medical Research

Clinical infections of the udder in dairy cattle, known as mastitis, cause the premature culling of elite animals, at a great financial lost. Sub-clinical mastitis is difficult to detect and degrades the quality of milk, lowering its price. Farmers control mastitis using blanket-treatment of cows with antibiotics, which is urged to be banned by WHO due to awareness of microbial resistance. We aim to provide a non-antibiotic therapy for preventing mastitis which results in shutting down the lactation at a molecular level and is also an immune stimulant which we consider will also be effective against subclinical infections.

A diagnostic pipeline for mitochondrial diseases The University of Sydney

Mitochondrial diseases are the commonest group of metabolic disorders. Estimates suggest 100,000 Australians are at risk of developing a mitochondrial disease. Due to the diversity in genetic causes and clinical presentations, they are often challenging to diagnose and can therefore be a considerable burden on the health system. We have developed an analytical pipeline for comprehensive genetic sequencing that has the potential to reduce the time to diagnosis and increase the accuracy of diagnosis for mitochondrial diseases.

Automated weed control for ginger cropping systems The University of Sydney
Development of an automated platform capable of implementing site-specific non-chemical weed control in ginger productions systems.
FilterPipes Western Sydney University
Fresh water shortage is a global issue and is threatening our food security. Reverse osmosis (RO) is the major technology used for desalination. This technique has downfalls; the water produced using reverse osmosis desalination is too expensive and too pure for agriculture purposes. We aim to develop a cost-effective desalination technology for irrigation. These water purification pipes pass water but reject salt and other pollutants. Experiments have proven the feasibility, and we are in the process of developing the products. These products can be used for irrigation using poor quality water sources, such a brackish bore water, and reduce water wastage.
Redback Systems: An ultra-high resolution Echelle spectrograph for precision experiments Macquarie University
Researchers across almost every scientific discipline utilise spectroscopic techniques to interrogate light - probing its intensity as a function of its wavelength. By collecting this information researchers can probe many physical systems - from the material composition of stars and galaxies and the detection of previously undiscovered exoplanets, to the probing of atomic scale defects in next-generation nanomaterials and even to interact with quantum hardware. Our team is building a compact, affordable, and robust ultra-high resolution spectrograph to enable researchers to conduct precision experiments. By using a modified echelle spectrograph design we can achieve broad-spectrum, single exposure imaging with high spectral resolution.
Easy Gait Velocity Measurement Western Sydney University
Walking speed is an indicator of health. Reduced walking speed is an early indicator of decline in health status. Ongoing monitoring of walking speed would allow for a better understanding of disease state and would benefit a significant portion of the population including the elderly, diabetics and those undergoing rehabilitation. Accurate measurements are difficult to achieve regularly and reliably. Our idea is to create an unobtrusive, accurate, low-cost, easy-to-operate, automatic walking speed measurement system that is adaptable to a variety of environments, such as a hospital corridor or a hallway at home.
Vaccines and immune stimulants to treat cancer in dogs and humans The University of Sydney
For several years we have been developing novel cancer vaccines designed to generate an immune response against a patient’s tumour. Our vaccine is quick to make, easy to use and is patient specific. We have shown efficacy in cancer models and safety and evidence of efficacy in canine cancer patients. While the vaccine can work alone for some cancer types, we are now trialling other immune stimulants designed to help T cells generated by the vaccine work better inside the tumour. We believe this approach will increase the number of cancer types the vaccine works on.
Advanced Data Analysis for Solar Farms The University of New South Wales
We provide an advanced business intelligence solution for solar asset management. It supports visualised portfolio and system-level performance reporting, production and financial analysis and industrial benchmarks.
Nano-Brain The University of Sydney
We’re developing a hardware-based neural network that mimics the structure and function of real (biological) neural networks to achieve natural intelligence.
Biomarker for Herediatry Spastic Paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disease The University of Sydney
There are no current treatments to halt or delay the progression of HSP. The hurdle for scientists towards this is lack of a biomarker that can quantitate intervention-outcome in patients. We have identified a biomarker that can a) distinguishes patients from healthy controls based on a quantitative disease-specific measure b) quantitate intervention-outcome in patients. The biomarker is present in easily accessible patient blood and skin samples.
Self-Operated Electrical device using human energy harvesting University of Technology Sydney
We use neudium magne and coils with specific diameters to generate electricity from stationary human body. So far, we’ve managed to reach 0.5 volt from the human body alone. This experiment has been applied to 5 different subjects from different ages with the same results.
A diagnostic pipeline for mitochondrial diseases The University of Sydney
Mitochondrial diseases are the most common group of metabolic disorders. Estimates suggest 100,000 Australians are at risk of developing a mitochondrial disease. Due to the diversity in genetic causes and clinical presentations, they are often challenging to diagnose and can therefore be a considerable burden on the health system. We have developed an analytical pipeline for comprehensive genetic sequencing that has the potential to reduce the time to diagnosis and increase the accuracy of diagnosis for mitochondrial diseases.
Redox Flow Batteries The University of Newcastle
Storing energy is key in transitioning us to a future 100% renewable energy economy. Many renewable energy resources are intermittent (for example wind and solar), which prevents direct matching of energy supply and demand. Only energy storage offers the possibility to match renewable energy supply and demand. We have invented a conceptually new type of redox flow battery that solves many of the problems of conventional battery technology: it is inexpensive (consists of abundant elements only), scale-able, low hazardous, and simple. This battery has the potential to be used in a range of applications spaning from domestic to large scale.
Novel anti-inflammatory formulation University of Technology Sydney
Respiratory inflammatory diseases impose an immense worldwide health burden and are among the most common causes of severe illness and death worldwide. Corticosteroids are the most effective therapy to control the symptoms of asthma by targeting airway inflammation. However, long-term treatment with high doses of steroids causes significant side effects in patients and inresponsivness to steroids which is life-threatening. Our invention, UTS-L, will provide an innovative and effective approach to managing asthmatic symptoms in those affected. It will significantly improve their life quality and work ability and reduce the social and economic burden of our society.
DroneOnDemand The University of Sydney
Military acquisition processes often prevent rapid procurement of new technology that is required to face uncertain future security challenges. As such, they restrict the range of drones that can be purchased and subsequently deployed. Instead of relying on a limited selection of drones, could we provide tailored on-demand systems? Drone-on-demand, our turn-key rapid-design and manufacture environment, provides this game-changing capability to Defence and allows one-off mission-specific drones to be manufactured in-situ within hours of identifying a specific need. This will provide Defence with unprecedented responsiveness for vital situational awareness, and unlimited access to reliable, cost-effective, yet capable drone platforms.
Hear Here National Acoustic Laboratories
Current retrospective questionnaires used by healthcare clinicians fail to accurately characterise a person’s hearing difficulties. Poor understanding of the problems faced can cause poor determination of treatment strategies, low adherence and poor client outcomes. Our solution is to develop an interactive hearing health assessment and monitoring smartphone app for use as a clinical tool. The app gathers information about a person’s hearing difficulties in their daily activities using adaptive personalised surveys and measuring environment acoustics. Data is shared with the clinician through cloud services. Intelligent data analysis informs clinical decision-making and leads to better hearing outcomes and positive behaviour change.
Health App Delivery The University of Sydney
A technology program that delivers treatment prescription via an app to the patient with a musculoskeletal disorder. The app monitors the patient's condition via self-reported features and can amend treatment accordingly. An example would be for a patient who was having a TKR. Once they had been identified, the Pt would be given access to the app, which would prescribe treatment daily, with the patient entering their outcomes. The program would know when the surgery is and amend treatment both before and just after to enhance outcomes. This will lead to improved adherence to treatment and outcomes for patients.
BrillUp University of Technology Sydney
We are moving to an economy where disruption is the norm, where the boundaries between employment and self-employment are blurring, and we are expected to constantly learn new skills and adapt – but with very little support. We are developing tools and resources to help individuals take control of their professional development to thrive in the new economy. We support individuals taking an entrepreneurial approach to their careers and developing their unique value to create opportunities for themselves rather than depending on others to provide opportunities for them.
Rich Data Informing Traffic Signal Control to Improve Real-Time Optimisation and Reduce Customer Intersection Wait Times Transport for NSW
Current traffic signal control in Australia uses only limited vehicle measurements to inform real-time optimisation. This reduces the quality of traffic signal service, decreasing traffic flow efficiency. SCATS wider, rich data technology has been developed and deployed for trial in Sydney. The trial confirmed significant increased traffic flow efficiency proving the value proposition. Our solution will productionise the proven innovation design to achieve industry standards and requirements that ensures commercial success in the marketplace. The solution will open the facility via interfaces to better allow external vehicle measurement device suppliers including connected vehicles to provide wider, rich data to SCATS.
The joint application of AI and Conjoint Analysis The University of Newcastle
We will develop a software solution that can be released under licence to Aged Care Facilities to assist with the assessment of patients in conjunction with the ACFI process. The application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and a decision-making algorithm such as conjoint analysis or multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) within the ACFI assessment process will allow the existing ACFI checklists and surveys to be codified as an input to the MCDM process, allowing a degree of standardisation across the aged care industry.

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